Our skin is our most important asset. We want it to look as youthful and smooth as possible. As we age, our skin can show signs of aging in many ways. Sun spots, which are often second only to wrinkles or fine lines, can be a sign of ageing. However, they are not difficult to treat. Find out what causes this discolouration and how to get glowing skin.
Sun spots, also known as age spots, liver spots, or dark spots, are flat, dark patches of skin that appear most often on the hands and face. These harmless spots, which are usually found on areas that get the most sun exposure are brownish or a few shades darker that your normal skin colour so they can be easily identified. These spots do not shrink over time, and they can expand with age.
Sun spots are usually flat and painless. If you have concerns about sun spots that are growing, changing, or having a raised surface, consult your doctor.
What causes sunspots?
Sun spots, as they are also known, are caused by sun exposure. Sun spots are caused by the skin producing large amounts of melanin (responsible to tanning) in small areas. This results in hyperpigmentation. These spots are more common in people with darker skin, and those who have been exposed to the sun for a long time.
How to treat sun spot
- Aloe vera
Aloe vera is well-known for its soothing and refreshing properties. Aloe vera contains compounds that reduce melanin production and prevent the formation of sun spots.
Garnier Skin Active 3-in-1 Hydrating Aloe Water Jelly, is a light moisturizer that uses Organic Aloe Vera as well as Hyaluronic Acid to soothe, hydrate and support the skin. The skin feels plumper and more hydrated.
- Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a common ingredient in many sunscreens. It absorbs UVB radiation (the type that causes premature ageing, including sun spots), and prevents it reaching the skin. Vitamin E is not only preventive, but it can also be used in conjunction with Vitamin C to lighten and even out the skin tone, reducing the appearance of dark spots.
Bobbi Brown Vitamin Enriched Facial Base is a combination moisturizer/primer that will set your skin up for success. This lightweight formula includes Vitamins E, C and hydrating Shea Butter. It will give you a smoother, more even skin surface.
Prevention is the best treatment for sun spots. An SPF can be worn all year, and it will reduce the skin’s melanin production. It also protects against skin cancers and hyperpigmentation. An SPF helps prevent wrinkles and fine lines. This keeps the skin looking younger for longer.
The La Roche-Posay Anthelios Anti-oxidant SPF50+ Sun Cream is not only high-protection, but also contains Niacinamide (and PHE-Resorcinol), which help to brighten the skin and treat hyperpigmentation. The cream is rich in anti-oxidants and hyaluronic acids, which protect the skin from pollution. It also supports high hydration levels, which results in a plumper, healthier complexion.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a powerful antioxidant that protects the skin from sunburns and environmental aggressors. This ingredient is also known to help reduce melanin in the skin, which helps to brighten the skin. It’s great for treating sun spots and making you look radiant.
Retinol, a form of Vitamin A stimulates cell turnover which promotes the production and maintenance of new cells. This keeps the skin looking younger, smoother, and more youthful. Retinol is a great remedy for sun spots. It encourages skin renewal and helps to reduce wrinkles and pigmentation. Although retinol is highly effective, it can make the skin more vulnerable to UV damage. Therefore, it’s important that you avoid prolonged sun exposure and use an SPF.
AHAs work as chemical exfoliants and gently dissolve the skin’s top layer to reveal a healthier layer. Glycolic acid, lactic acids and Niacinamide are all gentle exfoliants.