Winter beauty woes getting you down? Skin can change due to colder temperatures. To ensure that you are ready for winter, we consulted some of the most respected experts in the business.
How to prevent: Excessive combing, cold temperatures and wind can cause a buildup negative ions on hair shafts that causes individual strands of hair to repel each other, says Roberta J. Hawk MD, a certified dermatologist in Billings. Static. She suggests that dry hair should be washed with a mild shampoo and then conditioned to remove any negative ions.
River Lloyd, a New York City hairstylist, recommends spraying Static Guard onto your hair and combing it through. He says, “It always works.”
Refer to a professional: Dandruff is indicated by flaky, itchy hair and flyaway hair. Use an anti-dandruff shampoo such as Head &Shoulders if the condition does not improve. For more information, visit a dermatologist.
How to prevent: Heather Rogers, MD, a Seattle dermatologist, says that the trick to preventing dry skin is to moisturize, moisturize and moisturize. Put RESTORE Balm ($30). Dermstore.com) after you get out the shower, to your elbows to hydrate them.
How to treat: Apply a moisturizing body cream twice daily to the elbows. Vaseline Petroleum jelly ($4.95 for extra softening of rough elbows) – prior to bed to seal in moisture. Lenora Felderman MD is a New York City-based dermatologist. If you are really determined, wrap them in terrycloth wristbands to keep the sheets clean, and the moisturizer will work throughout the night.
Dr. Rogers warns against excessive scrubbing. Dr. Rogers recommends that you apply creams with acids to remove any rough patches of skin. Glytone Ultra Softening Heel & Elbow Cream ($54) is one of the best options. amazon.com).
When you should see a professional? If your elbows remain scaly after one week, Jeanie Leddon MD, a Lafayette dermatologist, suggests that prescription cream might be needed. Redness or inflammation could also indicate psoriasis (a genetic condition).
How to avoid: Avoid products that contain alcohol. This is drying and can cause skin to flake. Use a mild cleanser instead and then switch to a richer moisturizer.
How to treat: Dr. Rogers states that winter is a time when there are many things that can lead to dry and flaky skin. However, most often it is just dry, irritated, or irritated skin. Stop using anti-aging products or treatments, or products that contain fragrance or essential oils. Instead, use a thick, bland moisturizer with a gentle cleanser such as RESTORE Face wash ($42) (violetgrey.com) You can even use some over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream for a few days before you moisturizer to help calm things down.
When to visit a professional: A light chemical peel is a quick way to remove excess skin. You may have an allergy if you notice flaky or irritated areas. A dermatologist will be able to prescribe the right cream.
How to prevent: When the temperature drops, blood vessels dilate. This is why many people experience flushed noses when they play outside. Redness can also be caused by sun exposure, so make sure to use sunscreen 30 even in winter. Kiehl’s Sun Protection Lotion 30 ($32 at bluemercury.com). Ski masks are recommended for outdoor activities that last more than a few minutes. Dr. Felderman states that it is best to create a physical barrier.
How to treat: The appearance of your flushed skin should disappear soon after you return indoors. Apply a warm, but not hot, compress to the skin for a few seconds to speed up the process.
Refer to a professional if redness persists, especially if it is accompanied by whiteheads and visible blood vessels. This is a sign that you have rosacea. To reduce redness and blood vessels, a dermatologist may prescribe antibiotics or laser treatment.
How to prevent: Winter is the most dry season for the thin skin on the hands. You can protect it by using gloves outdoors and rubber gloves for dishes. After washing your hands, make sure to moisturize them. Dr. Leddon says to keep a jar full of cream near every sink in your house.
How to treat: Apply a thick layer on your hand before you go to bed. Then, put white cotton gloves on top. The cream will be more easily absorbed by the gloves.
When you should see a professional? If your hands itch or burn, apply creams to them. Dr. Hawk states that severe dry hands could be a sign of eczema or psoriasis. Oral antibiotics, intracortisone, UV light treatments or strong external ointments might be required.
How to prevent: Lip balm is not too much. Jayne Fortson MD, a dermatologist board-certified in Anchorage, Alaska, believes that lip balm is your first line defense against chapped lips. ChapStick and Carmex contain a moisturizing agent such as petrolatum or lanolin. If you plan to spend more than 30 minutes outdoors, make sure you have a lip balm that has SPF. It won’t crystallize, unlike other balms. “Also, avoid licking your lips.” Dr. Leddon says that this can dry them out even further.
How to treat: Apply a heavy-duty moisturizer that seals in moisture to the lips several times per day. Dr. Felderman states that this should rehydrate the lips in a matter of days.
Consult a professional if you have pain in the corners of your mouth. This could be a sign of perleche (a yeast infection) or a cold sore that may need a prescription ointment.
How to avoid: Exposed skin to the elements for too long can cause it to become dry and cracked. Apply a rich moisturizer, such as L’Occitane Shea Organic Shea butter ($13), before you go out. Sephora.com, to make a thin shield between your skin & the wind. Apply an SPF 30 sunscreen to your skin. Beautycounter Countersun Mineral sunscreen lotion ($39) is our favorite. Goop.com: Wear a scarf or a hat that covers your neck, nose and neck for extra insurance.
How to treat: Use a nourishing cleanser to smoothen and moisturize wind-damaged skin. Follow with a moisturizer and warm water (not hot). Use a 1 Percent Hydrocortisone Cream to soothe sore, itchy patches. Aveeno Maximum Strength Hydrocortisone Anti Itch Cream ($5. walgreens.com).
Refer to a professional if itching persists for more than 3-4 days. A dermatologist can prescribe a stronger cream that will speed up the healing process.
How to prevent: Ava Shamban MD, celebrity dermatologist from Beverly Hills, and founder of skinfive.com, says that “an ounce of prevention can be worth a pound cure.” Start by changing your socks or shoes immediately after you finish the day. If your feet don’t get enough air, sweaty feet can crack more easily. After drying, give your feet a good soak and then apply an AHA lotion.
Treatment: Apply a thick layer of cream to the feet and wear cotton socks to bed, suggests Deborah Sarnoff MD, a New York City-based dermatologist. “Your feet will sweat during the night and the moisture will be deeply absorbed.” You can increase the absorption by placing some moisturizer in a small saucepan of warm, warm water. Then, apply the warm salve to the moisturizer and then wear socks. Apply moisturizer again the next morning.
When to see a professional: Painful cracks that don’t heal in a week or two probably need a prescription-strength cream. Dr. Hawk says that cracked, itchy feet could be caused by eczema, psoriasis or a fungus. Consult a dermatologist and a podiatrist.
How to avoid: Dry air, wind gusts, and the harsh glare of the sun can cause eye irritation. Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes. Look at labels to find glasses that protect you from UVA and UVB rays.
How to treat: Use nonmedicated saline tears (or nonmedicated drops), such as GenTeal Mild Lubricant eye Drops ($8. amazon.com). Apply as many times as you need. Susie Hahn (an ophthalmologist from Bayside, N.Y.) advises that you use over-the-counter eyedrops sparingly as they can cause reddening and rebound. Moisturize the skin around your eyes if it feels red or irritated. Dr. Fortson advises against using creams containing alpha hydroxy acid, as they can cause irritation.
When to visit a professional: If the non-medicated drops do not work after a week, schedule an appointment with a dermatologist.